Before we start looking on how ready Zimbabwe is on implementing Internet of Everything (IoE) which is now called the Internet of Things (IoT), lets first look at what IoE/IoT is?
A thing, in the Internet of Things, can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network.
IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), microservices and the internet. The convergence has helped tear down the silo walls between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), allowing unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive improvements.
Why would we want an Internet of Things? We want it because it can offer us the best possible feedback on physical and mental health, the best possible resource allocation based on the real-time monitoring.
“IoE is changing our world, but its effect on daily life will be most profound. We will move through our days and nights surrounded by connectivity that intelligently responds to what we need and want, something that’s called the Digital Sixth Sense” said Ngonidzashe Katsamba
In Zimbabwe we still have issues on connectivity reliability considers network coverage and consistency of service or downtime. As more of the customers’ life depends on the Internet, connectivity will become a must-have making unreliable connections intolerable. Whereas, true broadband speeds can only be experienced in towns and cities making service inconsistent in most parts of the country especially in remote areas. To ensure everyone benefits from IoT there is a need for operators to invest in ensuring 100% network coverage and optimizing network speeds so that the whole country receives standardized true Broadband speeds.
Internet of Things (IoT) will mean more devices connecting to the Internet including kitchen appliances, Cars, Houses and Personal belongings. This will put a lot of pressure on the countries current Internet infrastructure. Currently, Zimbabwe’s average Internet speed sits at 2.49Mbps which is way below the global average of 17.9Mbps.
Although Zimbabwe was the first in the continent to implement IPV6, Zimbabwe’s Netowrk infrastructure is still poor and it should be set as required to standard so that we ensure successful implementation of the Internet of Everything/Things, we also encourage our Mobile Network Operator to invest more in 4G/LTE base stations so far the company has 787 base stations only whereas in rural areas we have only 4.