ISPs provide a lot of packages for their customers. They have capped and uncapped packages be it an ADSL, fibre or VSAT connections. Globally every Internet Service Provider (ISP) has what they call Fair Usage Policy (FUP). A lot of times customers complain to their ISP for poor service delivery, it is worth noting that there are some aspects of how they run and provide the service, many times we experience different speed at different times on the same package.
Many ISPs also offer different tiers of uncapped products, some ISPs Uncapped Packages are subject to throttling, once a customer has reached their monthly data usage threshold. Throttling is then applied when required during peak network demand periods. If a user has exceeded their threshold they will then experience unthrottled speeds during off-peak hours. My broadbandsa noted that “for some when you exceed the threshold with your 7-day projected usage, your line speed will be throttled by 50%. Should your usage drop to acceptable levels in the week that follows, however, your speed will return to normal which can offer an advantage over 30-day monitoring thresholds.”
For some ISP the data used after midnight to 6:00 am wont affect the customer’s threshold. The throttling levels for packages especially the uncapped ones uses a 5-star threshold system to manage network traffic on their packages. They calculate the average usage in a customer’s area, which is monitored over a 10-day rolling period, and when the user’s data usage significantly exceeds that of the area average, their connection will be throttled, this is more like having a teacher monitoring your kids behaviour.
Bandwidth throttling is a purposeful slowing of available bandwidth ( the amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time). In other words, it is an intentional lowering of the “speed” that is typically available over an internet connection. Bandwidth throttling can happen at various places on your device (like your computer or smartphone) and the website or service that you’re using over the internet. For example, an ISP might throttle bandwidth during certain times of the day to decrease congestion over their network, which lowers the amount of data they have to be processed at once, saving them the need to buy more and faster equipment to handle internet traffic at that level.
While very controversial, ISPs also sometimes throttle bandwidth only when the traffic on the network is of a certain kind or from a certain website. For example, an ISP might throttle the bandwidth of a user only when heavy amounts of data is being downloaded from Netflix or uploaded to a torrent website. Sometimes, too, an ISP will throttle all types of traffic for a user after a certain threshold has been reached. This is one way they “lightly” enforce the written, or sometimes unwritten, bandwidth caps that exist with some ISP’s connection plans.